Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs) are a form of birth control that can be taken to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse or contraceptive failure. One of the most popular and widely used ECPs in India is ‘Unwanted 72™’. In this blog post, we will discuss what ‘Unwanted 72™’ is, how it works, its effectiveness, usage, and side effects.
What is Unwanted 72™?
It is an oral contraceptive pill that contains Levonorgestrel, a synthetic hormone that is used to prevent pregnancy. It is manufactured by Mankind Pharma™, an Indian pharmaceutical company, and is available over the counter in most pharmacies across India. It is intended to be used as an emergency contraceptive pill and should not be used as a regular method of contraception.
How does Unwanted 72™ work?
It works by preventing ovulation, fertilization, and implantation of a fertilized egg. The active ingredient in the pill, Levonorgestrel, is a synthetic progestin that inhibits the release of an egg from the ovaries. If ovulation has already occurred, it can prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg by thickening the cervical mucus, which makes it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg. In case fertilization has already taken place, it changes the lining of the uterus, making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant and grow.
When should Unwanted 72™ be taken?
It should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sexual intercourse, preferably within 72 hours (3 days). The pill is most effective when taken within the first 24 hours after intercourse. However, it can still be effective up to 72 hours after intercourse. If more than 72 hours have passed since intercourse, Unwanted 72 may not be effective in preventing pregnancy.
It is not a regular method of contraception and should not be used as a substitute for other forms of birth control. It is intended to be used in emergencies only, such as when a condom breaks or slips off, or when another form of birth control has failed.
How effective is Unwanted 72™?
It is an effective form of emergency contraception if taken correctly and within the recommended time frame. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), emergency contraceptive pills such as Unwanted 72™ are 95% effective in preventing pregnancy when taken within the first 24 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse. The effectiveness decreases with time, and after 72 hours, the pill is only 58% effective in preventing pregnancy.
It is important to note that Unwanted 72™ does not provide any protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). To reduce the risk of STIs, it is recommended to use condoms or other forms of protection during sexual intercourse.
How to use Unwanted 72™?
It is a single-dose oral contraceptive pill that should be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse. The pill should be taken as soon as possible and is most effective when taken within the first 24 hours after intercourse. It is a single pill, which means that it is taken once and not in a course or regimen.
The pill can be taken with or without food, and should be swallowed whole with a glass of water. It is important to read the instructions provided with the pill and follow them carefully. It is also recommended to seek medical advice before taking the pill, especially if you have a history of medical conditions or are taking other medications.
Side effects of Unwanted 72™
Like all medications, Unwanted 72™ may have side effects. The most common side effects of the pill include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain, and changes in menstrual bleeding.